FDBusiness.com

Furan in Food – EFSA Confirms Health Concerns

 Breaking News
  • Müller Revolutionises the UK’s Favourite Yogurt Brands Müller is set to revolutionise the UK yogurt category with new and improved recipes for the nation’s two favourite yogurt brands, Müllerlight and Müller Corner[1]. The dairy company has also revealed details of its biggest ever marketing campaign. As the business continues to strengthen its core brands, and inspire people to live healthier and happier lifestyles, [...]...
  • Guardians of Grub Crusade to Beat Food Waste A bold new industry campaign has been launched to tackle nearly £3 billion worth of food that is wasted every year across the entire UK hospitality and food service sector, of which 75% could have been eaten. The Guardians of Grub campaign was developed by WRAP as part of its ambitious work to cut food [...]...
  • Olleco Awarded Royal Warrant ABP Renewables Division, Olleco, the UK’s leading supplier of cooking oils and collector of used cooking oils, has become the first dedicated circular economy company to be granted a Royal Warrant by Her Majesty The Queen. The Warrant recognises the company’s work to create a ‘closed loop’ solution for the Royal Household. Olleco supplies fresh, sustainable [...]...
  • Premier Foods Plans to Increase Investment in Capital Projects and Consumer Marketing Premier Foods has reported a 0.6% rise in revenue to £824.3 million for the 52 weeks ended 30 March 2019. Group trading profit at £128.5 million was up by 4.5% compared to the previous year and adjusted profit before tax rose by 12.1% to £88.0 million. However, due to GMP pensions recognition and impairment of [...]...
  • HKScan Plans to Strengthen its Financial Position HKScan, the Nordic meat and meals company, is planning a share issue of up to €60 million to secure its financial position and to strengthen its capital structure. The planned share issue is intended to provide a strong foundation for developing the company’s business portfolio and balancing its financial situation and for building future growth. The [...]...

Furan in Food – EFSA Confirms Health Concerns

Furan in Food – EFSA Confirms Health Concerns
October 27
12:17 2017

Consumer exposure to furan and methylfurans in food could lead to possible long-term liver damage. The most exposed group of people are infants, mainly through consumption of ready-to-eat jarred or canned foods. Exposure in other population groups is mainly from consumption of grain-based foods and coffee, depending on age and consumer habits.

Furan and the related compounds 2- and 3-methylfurans are chemical contaminants that naturally form during heated food processing, including cooking. These substances have always been present in cooked or heated foods.

Potential health risks linked to furan

EFSA carried out this assessment following its monitoring of furan levels in food and assessing consumer exposure. Dr Helle Knutsen, Chair of the expert Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain, said: “Based on animal studies we concluded that liver damage and liver cancer are the most critical health effects.”

Dr Knutsen added: “How furan might cause cancer in animals is not fully understood. Since the panel could not rule out that this may be due to a direct interaction with DNA, we were not able to set a safe level – the tolerable daily intake. Instead we calculated a ‘margin of exposure’.

“As did the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives [JECFA], we concluded that the level of exposure to furan in food indicates a human health concern.”

The most exposed consumers

Although the average intake of foods containing furan indicates a low health concern for most consumers, for high consumers exposure is up to three times what would be considered of low concern for public health.

Dietary exposure is higher when also taking 2- and 3-methylfuran into account; for example levels of 2-methylfuran in coffee can be four times higher than furan.

There are some knowledge gaps about the toxicity of furan and methylfurans and about exposure to them. However, taking these uncertainties into account, EFSA’s experts were more likely to have overestimated the health risk than underestimated it.

Reducing furan exposure

Furans form from a variety of substances naturally present in food, including vitamin C, carbohydrates, amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids and carotenoids. The cooking/processing conditions help determine how much furan is formed and lost (mainly via evaporation), and how much is present when food is consumed.

Dr Knutsen said: “Our opinion describes how cooking practices could reduce dietary exposure to furan and methylfurans, bearing in mind that consumers are exposed to them in a variety of foods.”

For example due to the volatility of furan, re-heating ready-to-eat meals for infants and young children in a hot water bath without a lid may reduce their exposure by about 15-30%.

Different preparation methods for coffee result in different losses of furan concentrations. The losses in boiled/Turkish coffee are 3 to 4 times greater than in filter coffee and espresso.

The level of furan in toast increases with toasting time and with the degree of browning, albeit toast is a less important contributor to overall furan exposure.

EFSA’s scientific advice will help EU and national decision-makers to decide whether further action is needed.

About Author

mike

mike

Related Articles



Food & Drink Business Conference & Exhibition 2016

Upcoming Events

  • June 18, 2019Multimodal 2019
  • June 25, 2019BevExpo 2019
AEC v1.0.4

find food jobs

The Magazine

F&D Business Preferred Suppliers

New Subscriber

Subscribe Here



Advertisements