FDBusiness.com

Over 90% of Sampled Salt Brands Globally Found to Contain Microplastics

 Breaking News
  • British Brewers Decrease Their CO2 Emissions by 42% Total CO2 emissions from the UK’s brewing industry have fallen by 42% in the last decade (2008 to 2018) – a reduction of 202,952 tonnes – according to new research conducted by the British Beer & Pub Association (BBPA). The research also found that the energy used to brew a pint of beer in the [...]...
  • Small Irish Snack Manufacturer Secures Major Contract With Tesco Pinkfinch, a County Down-based fruit snacks supplier, has secured a major contract with Tesco Ireland, which will see an estimated 100,000 bags sold annually. From launching his business in his parent’s spare bedroom five years ago,  Pinkfinch founder Michael Heaslip (pictured) has grown his innovative product line across Ireland, the UK, Europe, and the Middle East,  with [...]...
  • UK Supermarkets are Struggling to Grow The latest grocery market share figures, published by Kantar, show year-on-year supermarket sales were flat during the 12 weeks to 11 August 2019 as the tough comparisons with 2018’s strong summer continue. The memory of last year still looms large for retailers and this summer’s comparatively poor weather, combined with low levels of like-for-like price [...]...
  • Tickets Still Available For 2019 Irish Food & Drink Business Awards Some tickets are still available for the 2019 Irish Food & Drink Business Awards presentation ceremony and gala dinner to be held at the Citywest Hotel in Dublin on the evening of Thursday, 5 September 2019. The winners of the 2019 Awards will be named at the event. The prestigious awards programme, which was first introduced [...]...
  • Nestlé UK Launches New On-trend Flavours Nestlé has introduced two new on-trend flavours to its much-loved Munchies brand in the UK and Ireland. Available in 101g sharing bags, new Munchies Chocolate Fudge Brownie and Munchies Cookie Dough are the first new Munchies products since 1996. The new flavours were created at Nestlé’s confectionery sites in York and Fawdon, Newcastle. Munchies Brand Manager [...]...

Over 90% of Sampled Salt Brands Globally Found to Contain Microplastics

Over 90% of Sampled Salt Brands Globally Found to Contain Microplastics
October 22
11:49 2018

Over 90% of sampled salt brands globally were found to contain microplastics, with the highest number coming from salt sourced in Asia, according to a new study co-designed by Kim, Seung-Kyu, Professor at Incheon National University and Greenpeace (www.Greenpeace.org) East Asia.[1]

The study, which has been published in Environmental Science & Technology, a peer-reviewed scientific journal, analyzed 39 various salt brands globally, showing that plastic contamination in sea salt was highest, followed by lake salt, then rock salt – an indicator of the levels of plastic pollution in the areas where the salt was sourced.[2] Only three of the salt brands studied did not contain any microplastic particles in the replicated samples.[3]

“Recent studies have found plastics in seafood, wildlife, tap water, and now in salt. It’s clear that there is no escape from this plastic crisis, especially as it continues to leak into our waterways and oceans. We need to stop plastic pollution at its source and therefore call upon the accountability of big corporates in this crisis. They need to reduce their plastic footprint and take on the problem they have created,” said Awa Traoré, West Africa Oceans Campaigner at Greenpeace Africa.

“We also need to see the effective implementation of single use plastics ban laws in African countries and not only strong commitments from governments. For the health of people and our environment, it’s incredibly important that these big corporates be pushed to go beyond recycling, start taking responsibility for their contribution to plastic pollution and begin reducing single-use plastic production,” continued Awa Traoré.

Building on previous studies of microplastic pollution in salt, this research is the first of its scale to look at contaminant levels of the geographical spread of sea salt, and its correlation with environmental discharge and pollution levels of plastics.

This new research findings of plastics in salt with the two sample results for Senegal showing the types of salt, the level of a yearly 1 ton 49 riverine plastic emission, and the presence of Microplastics in sea salt, are good indicators of the correlation between abundance micro plastics in sea salts, riverine plastic emissions, and micro plastic level in seawater. It’s another big critical highlight that plastic pollution is a global crisis, and Africa, in particular, must take this issue seriously, as the ecosystem and human health in African seas could potentially be at greater risk because of severe maritime microplastics pollution.

Assuming intake of 10 grams per day of salt, the average adult consumer could ingest approximately 2,000 microplastics each year through salt alone, as the study suggests. Even after discounting the highly contaminated Indonesian salt sample from this study, the average adult could still be consuming many hundreds of microplastics each year.[5]

“The findings suggest that human ingestion of microplastics via marine products is strongly related to plastic emissions in a given region,” said Professor Kim, Seung-Kyu, corresponding author of the study. “In order to limit our exposure to microplastics, preventative measures are required, such as controlling the environmental discharge of mismanaged plastics and more importantly, reducing plastic waste.”

Earlier this month, Greenpeace along with the Break Free From Plastic coalition released a report naming Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Nestlé(https://bit.ly/2CpdFLP) as among the most frequent companies whose packaging relies on the single-use plastics that pollute our oceans and waterways globally.[6]

info_1017

[1] Kim, Ji-Su et al. (2018) Global Pattern of Microplastics (MPs) in Commercial Food-Grade Salts: Sea Salt as an Indicator of Seawater MP Pollution (https://bit.ly/2pY k2OP). Environmental Science & Technology. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b04180. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant.

[2] A total of 39 salt samples were sourced from 21 countries/regions – Australia, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria, China Mainland, Croatia, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Italy, Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Romania, Senegal, Taiwan, Thailand, UK, US, and Vietnam. Based on raw material and production location, the sampled salt products consist of 28 sea salts from 16 countries/regions, 9 rock salts from 8 countries/regions, and 2 lake salts from 2 countries/regions.

[3] Only three brands of investigated salts – Taiwan (refined sea salt), China mainland (refined rock salt), France (unrefined sea salt produced by solar evaporation) – did not contain any microplastic particles in both replicate samples. All other salt samples contained microplastic particles.

[4] Jambeck, J.R. et al. (2015) Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean (https://bit.ly/1Twft9y). Science. Vol. 347, issue 6223, p. 768-771.

[5] Microplastic content varies dramatically among different brand of salts and is especially high in those consumed in Asia. Based on an average microplastic content of 506 MP/kg for all salt samples including an Indonesian outlier sample, it’s estimated that an average adult consumes approximately 2,000 MPs per year through salt.

[6] Break Free From Plastic is a global movement envisioning a future free from plastic pollution. BFFP’s brand audit report is here (https://bit.ly/2RoYEif).

About Author

mike

mike

Related Articles

Food & Drink Business Conference & Exhibition 2016

Upcoming Events

  • September 11, 2019Packaging Innovations & Luxury Packaging London 2019
  • October 1, 2019PPMA Total Show
  • October 17, 2019Future Food-Tech
  • November 18, 2019Plastics Caps and Closures Conference 2019
AEC v1.0.4

find food jobs

The Magazine

F&D Business Preferred Suppliers

New Subscriber

Subscribe Here



Advertisements