FDBusiness.com

Revised Safe Intake For 3-MCPD in Vegetable Oils and Food

 Breaking News
  • Another Year of Progress For Nestlé Nestlé has reported a 2.1% increase in sales to SFr91.4 billion (€80.6 billion) for 2018 with organic growth of 3% and group RIG of 2.5%, which was at the high end of the food and beverage industry, helped by faster innovation and successful new product launches. 2018 organic growth was supported by stronger momentum in [...]...
  • Fast-growing Asia Maternal Nutrition Market to Boost Demand For Dairy ingredients and Formula Maternal nutrition is a hot new opportunity in emerging markets, according to the latest report from food and drink experts, Zenith Global. In many parts of Asia, the concept of optimal nutrition during the first 1,000 days of a baby’s life (from conception to two years old) is capturing the attention of mothers and their [...]...
  • Innovation in the Spotlight at UK’s Largest Packaging Show Packaging Innovations, Empack and Label&Print 2019 returns to Birmingham’s NEC later this month with its most innovative show to date. The show, which also includes Contract Pack, Ecopack and Industrial Pack, will showcase more product launches and innovation from across the industry than ever before as it welcomes over 300 suppliers. As always, Innovation is the [...]...
  • £100 Million Müller Programme to Transform UK Fresh Milk Business Müller Milk & Ingredients, Britain’s largest producer of branded and private label fresh and flavoured milk, cream, butter and ingredients, has launched a £100 milliion cost and margin improvement programme which aims to secure a vibrant and sustainable future for the business, to the benefit of consumers, customers, employees and farmers. Project Darwin includes a comprehensive [...]...
  • Coca-Cola European Partners Continues to Focus on Driving Profitable Revenue Growth Coca-Cola European Partners has reported its fifth consecutive quarter of revenue growth and announced plans to trade on the London Stock Exchange. Revenue grew by 4.0% to €11.5 billion and comparable operating profit grew by 7.0% to €1.6 billion in 2018. Earnings per share were €2.30, an increase of 8.5%. Coca-Cola Zero Sugar led growth in [...]...

Revised Safe Intake For 3-MCPD in Vegetable Oils and Food

Revised Safe Intake For 3-MCPD in Vegetable Oils and Food
January 15
09:17 2018

EFSA’s experts have used an updated scientific approach to reassess the possible long-term adverse effects of the food processing contaminant 3-MCPD on the kidney and male fertility.

Consumption levels of 3-MCPD in food are considered safe for most consumers but there is a potential health concern among high consumers in younger age groups. In the worst case scenario, infants receiving formula only may slightly exceed the safe level.

Updated 2016 opinion

The chemical 3-monochloropropane diol (3-MCPD) and related substances called 3-MCPD esters are food processing contaminants found in some processed foods and vegetable oils, mainly palm oil. 3-MCPD and its esters are formed unintentionally in these foods, in particular during oil refining processes.

EFSA’s expert panel on contaminants first assessed the potential risks of 3-MCPD in 2016 together with another food processing contaminant called glycidyl fatty acid esters (GE). EFSA concluded that GE are a concern for public health because they are genotoxic and carcinogenic, i.e. they can damage DNA and cause cancer.

The European Commission is finalising new EU legislation aimed at reducing GE levels in vegetable oils and food.

The current update is for 3-MCPD and its esters only and EFSA’s previous assessment of GE has not changed.

Why has EFSA updated its assessment of 3-MCPD?

Prof Christer Hogstrand, who chaired the scientific group that developed the 2016 opinion and the update, says: “EFSA decided to review its assessment after the UN’s Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives [JECFA] subsequently established a different safe level – tolerable daily intake or TDI. In the meantime EFSA updated the method we used to calculate our previous TDI – what’s called the benchmark dose (BMD) approach.

“The panel applied the revised method to its reassessment of 3-MCPD and, as a result, it has increased its previous safe level two and a half fold.”

3-MCPD Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI) in µg/kg bw*

EFSA 2017 2.0
JECFA 2016 4.0
EFSA 2016 0.8

*Micrograms per kilogram of body weight

Potential risks for the kidney and male fertility

Prof Hogstrand adds: “We checked again the data concerning effects on development and reproduction, particularly on male fertility as these were highlighted by JECFA. We calculated the levels at which possible adverse effects on the kidney and on male fertility could occur. The updated TDI is protective for both types of effects.”

Technical differences, same overall conclusions

EFSA’s new TDI is closer to JECFA’s TDI. EFSA and JECFA used the same toxicological data but different BMD modelling techniques. Despite these technical differences, both bodies came to the same overall conclusions on the possible adverse effects of 3-MCPD and the level of concern for public health.

About Author

mike

mike

Related Articles



Food & Drink Business Conference & Exhibition 2016

Upcoming Events

  • June 18, 2019Multimodal 2019
AEC v1.0.4

find food jobs

The Magazine

F&D Business Preferred Suppliers

New Subscriber

Subscribe Here



Advertisements