FDBusiness.com

EFSA Reviews Safety of Glutamates Added to Food

 Breaking News
  • British Brewers Decrease Their CO2 Emissions by 42% Total CO2 emissions from the UK’s brewing industry have fallen by 42% in the last decade (2008 to 2018) – a reduction of 202,952 tonnes – according to new research conducted by the British Beer & Pub Association (BBPA). The research also found that the energy used to brew a pint of beer in the [...]...
  • Small Irish Snack Manufacturer Secures Major Contract With Tesco Pinkfinch, a County Down-based fruit snacks supplier, has secured a major contract with Tesco Ireland, which will see an estimated 100,000 bags sold annually. From launching his business in his parent’s spare bedroom five years ago,  Pinkfinch founder Michael Heaslip (pictured) has grown his innovative product line across Ireland, the UK, Europe, and the Middle East,  with [...]...
  • UK Supermarkets are Struggling to Grow The latest grocery market share figures, published by Kantar, show year-on-year supermarket sales were flat during the 12 weeks to 11 August 2019 as the tough comparisons with 2018’s strong summer continue. The memory of last year still looms large for retailers and this summer’s comparatively poor weather, combined with low levels of like-for-like price [...]...
  • Tickets Still Available For 2019 Irish Food & Drink Business Awards Some tickets are still available for the 2019 Irish Food & Drink Business Awards presentation ceremony and gala dinner to be held at the Citywest Hotel in Dublin on the evening of Thursday, 5 September 2019. The winners of the 2019 Awards will be named at the event. The prestigious awards programme, which was first introduced [...]...
  • Nestlé UK Launches New On-trend Flavours Nestlé has introduced two new on-trend flavours to its much-loved Munchies brand in the UK and Ireland. Available in 101g sharing bags, new Munchies Chocolate Fudge Brownie and Munchies Cookie Dough are the first new Munchies products since 1996. The new flavours were created at Nestlé’s confectionery sites in York and Fawdon, Newcastle. Munchies Brand Manager [...]...

EFSA Reviews Safety of Glutamates Added to Food

EFSA Reviews Safety of Glutamates Added to Food
July 20
09:20 2017

EFSA has established a safe intake level for glutamic acid and glutamates used as food additives after re-evaluating their safety. The Authority also concluded that estimated dietary exposure to glutamic acid and glutamates may exceed not only the safe level but also doses associated with adverse effects in humans for some population groups. On this basis, EFSA’s experts recommend reviewing the maximum permitted levels for these food additives.

Glutamic acid is an amino acid, a building block of proteins, naturally produced in humans and occurring in free form, for example, in tomatoes, soy sauce or certain cheeses. Glutamic acid and its salts (E 620-625), commonly referred to as glutamates, are authorised food additives in the European Union (EU). They are added to a wide range of foods to enhance their flavour by giving them a “savoury” or “meaty” taste.

EFSA re-assessed the safety of glutamates used as food additives and derived a group acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 30 mg/kg body weight per day for all six of these additives. This safe level of intake is based on the highest dose at which scientists observed no adverse effects on test animals in toxicity studies.

Protecting consumer health

Dr Claude Lambré, member of EFSA’s Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources Added to Food, and Chair of the working group tasked with the re-evaluation, said: “Based on the available evidence, we are confident that the newly derived group ADI for glutamic acid and glutamates is protective of consumers’ health, as it is below the doses that have been associated with certain effects in humans, such as headache, raised blood pressure and increased insulin levels.”

Currently, there is no numerical safe intake level (ADI) specified for glutamic acid and glutamates used as food additives in the EU.

In the EU the addition of glutamates is generally permitted up to a maximum level of 10 g/kg of food. In salt substitutes, seasonings and condiments, there is no numerical maximum permitted level for glutamates and they must be used in line with good manufacturing practices.

Assessing dietary exposure

In a refined exposure assessment, EFSA’s scientists combined realistic food consumption data, use levels of glutamates reported by industry and analytical results from Member States. They estimated that exposure to glutamates added to food may exceed the proposed ADI for individuals of all population groups whose diet is high in foods containing these additives, as well as for toddlers and children with medium exposure. Exposure may also exceed doses associated with some adverse effects in humans (e.g. headache) for highly exposed infants, children and adolescents.

EFSA’s experts also considered other dietary sources of glutamate besides food additives (including natural presence and addition as nutrient). They found that exposure estimates largely exceed, in several population groups with medium to high exposure, both the proposed ADI and levels associated with some adverse effects in humans.

Dr Lambré said: “Based on the results of our exposure assessment, we recommend reviewing the maximum levels for glutamic acid and glutamates added to food, in particular for fine bakery wares, soups and broths, sauces, meat and meat products, seasoning and condiments and food supplements.”

EFSA’s scientific advice will inform risk managers in the European Commission and Member States who regulate the safe use of glutamates as food additives in the EU.

About Author

mike

mike

Related Articles

Food & Drink Business Conference & Exhibition 2016

Upcoming Events

  • September 11, 2019Packaging Innovations & Luxury Packaging London 2019
  • October 1, 2019PPMA Total Show
  • October 17, 2019Future Food-Tech
  • November 18, 2019Plastics Caps and Closures Conference 2019
AEC v1.0.4

find food jobs

The Magazine

F&D Business Preferred Suppliers

New Subscriber

Subscribe Here



Advertisements